Ekirwadde ky’ebola

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Ekirwadde ky’ebola
Classification and external resources
Ekifananyi ekyakubwa mu 1976 ekya ba naansi ababiri nga bayimiridde mu maaso ga Mayinga N., omulwadde wekirwadde kino; yafa nga wayisse enaku ntono oluvanyuma lwo o’kufuna ekikulukuto kyomusaayi mu mutima gwe.
Ekifananyi ekyakubwa mu 1976 ekya ba naansi ababiri nga bayimiridde mu maaso ga Mayinga N., omulwadde wekirwadde kino; yafa nga wayisse enaku ntono oluvanyuma lwo o’kufuna ekikulukuto kyomusaayi mu mutima gwe.
ICD/CIM-10 A98.4 A98.4
ICD/CIM-9 065.8 065.8
DiseasesDB 18043
MedlinePlus 001339

Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) bwe bulwadde obuluma abantu nga buletebwa akawuka ka ebola. Obubonero bweyolekera wakati we nnaku bbiri ne wikisi ssatu oluvanyuma lwo kulumbibwa akawuka akaleeta obulwadde buno, butandika ne'kifuba ekikalu, okulumizibwa mu bi nywa, no 'kulumizibwa omutwe. Kyabulijjo nti okukulukuta kwe nyiindo, okusesema, n' ekiddukano bigobelera, awamu n'okukendeeza enkola y' ekibumba n' ensigos. Mu kaseera kano, abantu abamu batandika okukulukuta omusaayi.[1]

Akawuka akaleeta ekilwadde kino osobola okukafuna singa okwatagana n' omusaayi oba amazzi agava mu mumu biri gwe kisoro ekirina obulwadde buno (naddala ekima oba ebinyira).[1] Ekyokutambula kwo bulwadde buno nga buyitta mu mpewo kibadde tekina kakasibwa.[2] Ebinyira bitebelezebwa okutambuza n'okusaasanya akawuka akaleeta ekirwadde kino . Singa abantu bafuna ekilwadde kino, basobola nabo okukisaasanya. Bakaawonawo abasajja basobola okukitambuza mu mazzi gekisajja okumara emyeezi ebiri. Okusobola okujanjaba ekilwadde kino, kyebakola, endwadde endala ezifanaganya obubonero nga Malaria, cholera n'endala ezigwa mu kowe lya viral hemorrhagic fevers zisooka kujibwaamu. Okukakasa obujanjabi, omusaayi gukeberebwa okunoonya akawuka kano antibodies, ekilwadde RNA, oba akawuka kenyini.[1]

Okubwewala kuzingiramu okukendeeza kunsasana y'ekirwadde okuva ku nkima n'embizzi okutuuka mu bantu. Kino kisoboka okukolebwa okuyitta mu kwekebejja ensolo zino n'okutta ngabwetuziika emibiri jaazo singa zisangibwa nobulwadde buno. Okufumba obulungi e nyama n'okwambala ebizibaawo ngatukwaata kunyama kiyinza okuyamba ko, nga bwebambala ebizibaawo n' okunaaba engalo nga twetooloddwa ababtu abalina ekilwadde. Ebimu kummazi n'ebitundu by'omubiri okuva mubantu abakwatiddwa ekirwadde kino bilina okukwatibwa nobwegendereza.[1]

Tewali bujanjabi butuufu obwekilwadde kino; kawefube owokuyamba abantu abakwatiddwa okilwadde azingiramu okubawa oral rehydration therapy (okunywa mazzi agalimu ekiwomerezze) oba intravenous fluids.[1] Ekirwadde kittira ku sipiidi yawaggulu nnyo mortality rate: okusingira ddala wakati webitundu ataano n'ekyeenda kukikumi abo abakwatiddwa obulwadde.[1][3] EVD yasooka kulabibwaako Sudan ne mu Democratic Republic of the Congo. Ekirwadde kisinga kubeera mu bitundu bya Sub-Saharan Africa.[1] Okuva mu 1976 (lwe bwasooka okulabibwaako) okuyita mu 2013, wansi wabantu 1,000 buli mwaaka bebakwatibwa.[1][4] Okulumbibwa akwakasinze obunene bwebuliwo kati mu 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak, obukutte Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia kilabika ne Nigeria.[5][6] Okutuuka mu gwomunaana 2014 abakwatiddwa abasoba mu 1600 be ba zuuliddwa.[7] Kawefube akyaagenda mu maaso ow'okufuna vaccine; wabula, tewali kati.[1]

Endagiriro[kyusa | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 "Ebola virus disease Fact sheet N°103". World Health Organization. March 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  2. "2014 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa". WHO. Apr 21 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. C.M. Fauquet (2005). Virus taxonomy classification and nomenclature of viruses; 8th report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Oxford: Elsevier/Academic Press. p. 648. ISBN 9780080575483. 
  4. "Ebola Viral Disease Outbreak — West Africa, 2014". CDC. June 27, 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  5. "CDC urges all US residents to avoid nonessential travel to Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone because of an unprecedented outbreak of Ebola.". CDC. July 31, 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 
  6. "Outbreak of Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone". CDC. August 4, 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  7. "Ebola virus disease update - West Africa". WHO. Aug 4, 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
Ensibuko

External links[kyusa | edit source]